Risks Involved In Abdominal Liposuction
As with any surgery, abdominal liposuction is not without its risks, and patients should thoroughly discuss these with their physicians before undergoing the operation. Here are a few things to consider before heading to the doctor’s office.
What Are the Serious Risks Involved?
Besides the general post surgery aches and pains, some more serious risks include accidental puncture of the abdominal wall and a potentially fatal blood clot in the lung resulting from general anesthesia. Other more dangerous risks are infection from the cannula insertion site, fatal reactions to the anesthesia and hematomas, or bleeding under the skin. Risks such as these can be reduced by making sure to negate factors that may increase risk before surgery and by talking to your doctor about what types of liposuction are better for your circumstance and needs. For example, obesity and using too large a cannula can increase hematoma risk, which should be addressed prior to surgery.
Are Some Risks More Common or Less Severe?
Many risks associated with abdominal liposuction are less severe and are sometimes associated with other types of surgery, as well. These include bruising, swelling, and water retention in surrounding areas. Sagging skin or looseness from too much fat being removed, developing an undesired shape as a result of surgery and possible nerve damage should all be considered. A good surgeon will avoid being too aggressive with fat removal and should emphasize attaining the desired shape over removing more fat. Also, the use of newer tumescent liposuction technology almost entirely eliminates nerve damage risk as well as excessive blood loss.
Are Some More at Risk than Others?
Some people make better abdominal liposuction candidates than others, but just because there may be an increased risk, surgery is often still an option. Anyone who has had previous liposuction could have scarring and fibrous fat tissue, making a subsequent surgery difficult and increasing the risk of puncturing the abdominal wall. Men and those who have lost massive amounts of weight often have more fibrous fat as well. Also, those who plan to attempt more than one surgery at a time, such as liposuction and a tummy tuck on the same day, are at increased risk, often due to the need for general anesthesia to accomplish this.
How Can They Be Avoided?
Many of the risks associated with abdominal liposuction can be reduced by precautions taken before surgery. For example, local anesthesia can be used whenever possible to avoid the complications involved with general anesthesia, and any conditions that may lead to an increased risk of abdominal wall puncture can be addressed beforehand. A doctor may suggest that a person with an abdominal hernia undergo a small surgery to have it closed so as not to risk the cannula slipping through the opening. Additionally, liposuction could be broken up into multiple procedures if large amounts of fat must be removed in order to reduce risks associated with removing too much fat at once.
While there are risks and possible negative side effects related to all surgeries, abdominal liposuction is becoming an increasingly safe procedure. Many patients have found that they can improve their success rates by considering and choosing the safest options available to them before the procedure even starts.